The Fondazione Ambiente Milano promotes the SOS Planet initiative in order to contribute to make the world net carbon neutral by 2030 (much before 2050).
SOS Planet has the following three objectives:
- To collect further confirmations on the fact that we should become net CO2-eq neutral by 2030 and carbon negative after 2030 by sequestrating circa 40Gt of CO2 from the atmosphere each year for the following 60-70 years in order to meet the Paris Agreement targets. We promote the net CO2-eq neutrality by 2030 and, in any case, as soon as possible – much before 2050. Based on the rising average temperatures trend assessments over the last decades and according to scientists, becoming net carbon neutral by 2050 would unavoidably lead to a rise in global average temperatures far beyond the Paris Agreement target of 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels (i.e. +0.4°C compared to today’s temperatures) in 2100.
- To verify if the public opinion is aware of the above and would be ready to immediately abandon fossil fuels and introduce a carbon tax. Based on the opinion polls we commissioned in 10 European and world countries, the large majority of the respondents would be in favour.
- To publish in the most important newspapers of the countries involved in the abovementioned opinion polls appeals to Governments and Parliaments to introduce laws and policies in accordance with citizens’ will and take bold actions to make their countries net carbon neutral by 2030. Potentially, to promote public initiatives.
The scientific evidence highlights the need to accelerate the reduction of greenhouse gases emissions to avoid irreversible and catastrophic impacts on the planet and on humanity.
The SOS Planet initiative: overview and steps
In order to implement our aim, we will ask legislators of ten of the most important countries of the world to apply a carbon tax and to turn their countries net carbon neutral by 2030 through appeals and/or public initiatives.
First step – Opinion polls (DONE)
Between January and July 2020, we commissioned to Eumetra Mannheimer and YouGov opinion polls in ten of the most important European and world countries.
Summary of the opinion polls
Other relevant surveys 2020
- Bertelsmann Foundation, eupinions project survey conducted in March 2020: it shows that most Europeans want a carbon neutral EU by 2030.
- Ipsos MORI survey conducted in April 2020: it shows that 71% of the world population believes climate change as serious as Covid-19 and majority wants climate prioritised in economic recovery.
Source: Ipsos MORI
- Pew Research Center poll conducted in spring 2020: in several countries of the world the large majority of the population cites global climate change as one of the major threats to their country.
Source: Termometro Politico
- GlobeScan Insight report published in September 2020: an average of 90% of the people from 27 countries surveyed continue to consider climate change as an urgent and serious issue despite the pandemic and the economic crisis.
Second step – Appeals (in progress)
The next step will be to publish the results of the survey in the form of appeals to Governments and Parliaments to legislate and change policies in accordance with such results. These appeals should be published in the most important national and international newspapers and should be signed by the most prominent people, corporations and institutions.
Third step – Public initiatives
In parallel, we will promote referendums, petitions or other public initiatives in order to introduce such legislations in the countries concerned in alliance with the most important people of each country. We are planning to begin from those countries where public initiatives are easy to implement based on their Constitutions, as in Switzerland.
Fourth step – Green Economic Forum
Provided that the Covid-19 situation allows us to, we plan to organize a Green Economic Forum aimed at ‘waking up the leaders of today and training the leaders of tomorrow’ by gathering together at the Maloja Palace CO2-Neutral in Switzerland environmental and climate organizations, scientists, companies, institutions and universities before or after the WEF 2021.
Further information on climate change: journal articles, videos and useful websites
Journal articles, papers and documents
- Prince Charles calls for ‘Marshall-like plan’ to combat climate crisis by Oliver Milman, The Guardian (2020)
- Climate disruption is now locked in. The next moves will be crucial by John Branch and Brad Plumer, The New York Times (2020)
- Il riscaldamento climatico in Europa. Ecco la situazione comune per comune by Lorenzo Ferrari e Ornaldo Gjergji, Valori.it (2020)
- Così nel 2050 la civiltà umana collasserà per il climate change, Il Sole24Ore (2019)
- Airbus looks to the future with hydrogen planes, BBC (2020)
- GE: Industrial giant will stop building coal-fired power plants, BBC (2020)
- Arctic sea-ice shrinks to near record low extent by Jonathan Amos, BBC (2020)
- Climate change: Warmth shatters section of Greenland ice shelf by Jonathan Amos, BBC (2020)
- Analisi del rischio: i cambiamenti climatici in Italia report by Centro Euro-Mediterraneo sui Cambiamenti Climatici (2020)
- Rising global temperature shows ‘enormous challenge’ of meeting climate goal, UN News (2020)
- Climate tipping points – too risky to bet against by Timothy M. Lenton, Johan Rockström et al., Nature (2020)
- Bill Gates avverte: dai cambiamenti climatici effetti anche più gravi di quelli di Covid-19 by Massimiliano Carrà, Forbes (2020)
- Climate emergency: world may have crossed tipping points by Damian Carrington, The Guardian (2019)
- How the World Passed a Carbon Threshold and Why It Matters by Nicola Jones, Yale Environment360 (2017)
- Stephen Hawking: Earth Could Turn Into Hothouse Planet Like Venus by Tia Ghose, Live Science (2017)
- Encyclical Letter Laudato Si’ by Pope Francis (2015)
- Interview to Simone Molteni, Scientific Director of LifeGate at the Maloja Palace CO2-Neutral (Jan. 2020)
- An Inconvenient Truth trailer by Al Gore (2006)
- Before the Flood trailer by Leonardo Di Caprio (2016)
- Severn Cullis-Suzuki speech at the Earth Summit in Rio (1992)
- Harrison Ford speech at Global Climate Action Summit – Extinction Rebellion (2019)
- Nature is Speaking films by Conservation International
- Kiss the Ground documentary narrated by Woody Harrelson (2020)
- Extinction: The Facts BBC One documentary narrated by Sir David Attenborough (2020)
- A Life on Our Planet documentary by David Attenborough, Netflix (2020)
- National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) website
- LifeGate news website
- Eliminare gli sprechi website by Amedeo Clavarino, Edoardo Croci e Francesco Sertorio
- Non Sprecare website by Antonio Galdo